Comprehensive Guide to Political Theory in Political Science

Introduction to Political Theory in Political Science

Political theory is a key integral part of political science. It encompasses rich and extensive knowledge that seeks to explain, describe, and predict political behavior and phenomena. Venturing into political theory opens up a new world of deep understanding of politics, governance and societal dynamics.

Foundations of Political Theory

The foundations of political theory are deeply rooted in the formation and evolution of society, culture, and civilization. Major political thinkers like Aristotle, Plato, and Machiavelli pioneered the formulation of basic principles that still govern the face of political theory today. They developed ideas about democracy, justice, freedom, and power that are still fundamental in modern political discourse.

Political Philosophy and Political Theory

Diving into political theory, one cannot overlook the significant role of political philosophy. It addresses pivotal questions regarding government, including the nature and justification of political authority, the meaning and value of freedom and justice, and the importance of moral values in political life.

Contemporary Political Theory

As the world continues to evolve, so does contemporary political theory. It involves the critical study of democracy, justice, freedom, and other significant social issues. It encompasses exciting and insightful ideas of eminent theorists like John Rawls, Jürgen Habermas, and Michel Foucault. Their ideas have transformed the face of contemporary political theory while stimulating debates on social morals, justice, and power.

Impact of Political Theory on Political Science

Political theory serves as a groundwork for political science. The ideas established by political theorists form a theoretical framework for conducting political research and developing policy analyses. The theories provide direction and a basis for understanding the political behavior in society.

Political Theory and Policy Making

Understanding and applying political theory assists the policy-making process. It gives insights into the relationships between political actors and influences the strategies used in decision-making processes. It guides policy-makers to interpret political behaviors and the societal landscape to devise comprehensive policies.

Political Theory in the Educational Curriculum

Political theory is not only a vital part of political science but also a crucial element of the educational curriculum. It provides students with the theoretical and analytical skills to understand, critique, and deconstruct political ideas and practices. These skills are crucial for anyone wishing to venture into political science or any related field.

Demystifying Complex Political Ideas through Political Theory

Political theory serves as a tool to deconstruct and demystify complex political ideas. It helps to bring clarity to the abstract concepts of power, justice, freedom, and democracy, making them more understandable to the general populace. It is through such understanding that people can actively participate in a democracy and make informed political decisions.

Political Theory: Shaping Future Political Landscape

As we look into the future, political theory will continue to shape the political landscape. It will continue to be an essential tool for understanding and predicting political phenomena. Continued research and discourse in political theory will birth new ideas that will shape the political landscape of the future.


The immense and profound importance of political theory in political science cannot be overstated. It provides the deep insights needed to navigate and understand the complex wheelworks of politics and society. Through a profound understanding of political theory, we can better engage in constructive political discourse, make informed political decisions, and shape the political landscapes of our societies for a better tomorrow.

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